A phenomenal collection of some of the best essays and dialogues by Seneca 


Dialogues and essay by Seneca book cover
Seneca, Dialogues and Essays, Book Review

This collection of some of the most famous letters and dialogues. It starts with an exceptional introduction to the life of Seneca, Stoicism, and the works represented in the book. The author does a great job at setting the background to get a better and deeper understanding of the texts. 

On Providence and Anger

There are a wide variety of topics that these treatises discuss. We start with an essay on Providence, where Seneca argues for the existence of Providence and how we should approach this in our lives. Book 3 of his take on Anger is included here. Book 3 gives us more practical insights on how best to control this emotion. He shows us where it stems from and what we can do about it.

Consolation to Marcia

“Whatever fate one man can strike can come to all of us alike.”

Publius, From Seneca, Dialogues and Essays, Consolation to Marcia, 9

Then we go to one of his most famous letters. This is a letter, written to Marcia, a woman who has been dealing with the death of her son. She has been stuck in the grieving process and Seneca takes on the task to help her get through it. His way of doing so is not one that you would expect, as he examines grief and the human condition in a way to help her deal with her sorrow once and for all.

On the Happy Life & On the Tranquility of the Mind

On the Happy life deals with what is and what isn’t important to live a happy life. Here we can read some of his struggles where he defends himself, as he was sometimes called out to be a hypocrite. As he was one of the wealthiest men in Rome, many felt that this didn’t match with Stoicism. Yet, that is what makes this a good example of what preferred indifferences are and how we should approach them. This Essay is closely followed by On the Tranquillity of the Mind. In this dialogue, Seneca answers Serenus on how he can achieve calmness of mind.

On the shortness of Life & Consolation to Helvia

The beautiful and profound Essay, On the Shortness of Life, will leave you looking at life differently. Is it short or long enough? Seneca lays out some interesting views, such as comparing time to a commodity, claiming that it is one itself. And how we can change our mindset to view the time we have as long enough. Another consolation letter follows then. This one to his mother, Helvia. In his Consolation to Helvia, Seneca tells her why she shouldn’t grieve his exile.

“Life is long, if only you knew how to use it.”

Seneca, Dialogues, On the Shortness of life, 2

On Mercy & On Earthquakes

The last two are a letter and an essay, the first addresses the emperor Nero. Seneca was one of the highest advisors to this infamous Emperor. He received a lot of criticism on how a philosopher could associate himself with a person like Nero. Seneca disputed this with the argument that it was his duty to keep him on the right side of Virtue. The letter, On Mercy, is a good example of this. This is his attempt to show the advantages of being merciful while in power. He gives plenty of interesting examples showing both sides. Where a tyrant can’t even feel safe with an army around him, while a true merciful leader only wears a sword as an adornment.

This collection closes off with an essay on Earthquakes, which is chapter 6 of his book The Natural Questions. Seneca’s attempt at physics, which includes some interesting philosophical passages. But the big part shows us how they viewed the inner workings of the world in that era.


This collection of dialogues and essays by Seneca is an essential read for anyone interested in Stoic philosophy or philosophy in general. These works provide you with a wide variety of insights. First of all, it gives you a better view into the history as we can read a lot about how people lived back then and it shows us how similar it is to our lives now. The introduction provides the reader with a lot of background information and helps set the stage for these letters. In the letters themselves, it is easy to spot how good Seneca was as a writer. Out of the remaining Stoic texts, his is probably the most beautiful to read. Which led to some critics saying that he might not live up to the words he wrote. That he was more interested in the display of thoughts rather than the actions.

Wonderful letters

But we can use these wonderful letters to our advantage and learn from them. They are filled with wisdom and astute observations. They give us great quotes and easy-to-remember lessons. Besides that, the way he approaches difficult topics and how he dissects them can teach us how to look at our problems. How to examine them and look at them from different angles. His letter to Marcia is not how others would console a grieving person, and that is why Stoicism speaks to me. It looks at life from a rational angle.

Seneca the expert writer

Seneca is well-read himself and knows a lot of historical tales and about important figures, which he uses throughout his texts. This is another way to learn more about the world back then and see how life works in cycles. People have the same desires, wants, and other traits that pull them away from living a good life. The context might differ, but the reasons are the same. Seneca does an excellent job of using these examples to build out his arguments.


Photo by Tomas Trajan on Unsplash

This book is high on my recommendation list for several reasons. First of all, if you are into Stoicism, then you can’t miss out on this one. It is a great introduction to the works of Seneca. With some of his most famous letters to show you what he was capable of and what Stoicism is about.

Second, if you are into Roman history then this will give you a new glimpse into the world back then. How people thought and what mattered to them. You can see how society was built and what they had to deal with.

Finally, it’s a beautiful text to read. The thoughts of a great thinker and writer are on display. The use of words and phrasing will leave you in awe. We can learn a lot from his way of putting words to paper and expressing ideas. How to use the proper arguments to back them up and allow for timeless advice.

Final thoughts

Having read this book several times now, I keep finding new things to think about. New angles of how he looked at life. As someone who identifies with Stoic philosophy, it feels like he is speaking to me directly in certain parts. In other parts, it’s like I’m listening to a like-minded soul who is vocalizing some of my innermost thoughts. This book is one of the four I took along with me on my travels, such is its importance to me. 

Dialogues and Essays – Seneca
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4 thoughts on “Dialogues and Essays – Seneca

  • 23 January 2023 at 00:37

    Appreciate the breakdown! I’ve come across various quotes from Seneca before, but I haven’t read any of his works. I’ve read other Stoic philosophers’ writings but not the grandfather himself. I will now. Thanks for putting it back on my radar. I also loved the layout of the post!

    • 7 February 2023 at 22:18

      Thank you, Drew, I’m happy it helped and put Seneca back on your radar. I appreciate the words on my layout. It seems to work that way. Thanks!

  • 23 January 2023 at 17:53

    A super easy-to-follow and informative review of “Dialogues and Essays”. This is a new path in my journey, so I appreciate the layout and details of the post. The hints and tidbits were enough to entice me to add it to my cart/list. Thanks so much for sharing. Hope you are well. ✌️

    • 7 February 2023 at 22:19

      Thank you for your kind words and also for letting me know that it was easy to follow. I’m happy that it put the book back in your cart. Have a great time reading it.


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